This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 320294

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The scale and scope of citizenship in Early Modern Europe (Deliverable 3.1)

November 7, 2014

This paper develops a simple methodology to estimate the stock of citizens and citizenship rates for over 30 European towns and cities between 1550 and 1800. We find substantial variation in individual urban citizenship rates, from less than five percent to over twenty percent, even within the…

Rights and obligations of citizens and non-citizens in selected countries (Deliverable 10.1)

July 31, 2014

This report derives from the work of partners involved in Work Package 10 of the FP7 programme bEUcitizen:  Utrecht University (The Netherlands); the University of Zagreb (Croatia); University College Dublin (Ireland); the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel); the University of Oviedo (Spain)…

Access to the trade: Citizens, craft guilds and social and geographical mobility in early modern Europe (Working Paper 1)

May 1, 2014

Citizenship is a socio-political instrument of inclusion – and therefore inevitably also of exclusion. It has been so ever since the invention of the concept in Antiquity. In the historical literature it is often argued that the exclusion element was for a long time predominant, and only became…